A style where the artist seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world. Art in which the image of reality is distorted in order to make it expressive of the artist’s inner feelings or ideas.
“Expressionism emerged across Germany in 1905 as a response to a widespread anxiety about humanity’s increasingly discordant relationship with the world and accompanying lost feelings of authenticity and spirituality.”theartstory.org
Color can be highly intense and non-naturalistic.
Brushwork is typically free.
Paint application tends to be generous and highly textured.
Expressionist art tends to be emotional and sometimes mystical.
Art was now meant to come from within the artist, rather than from a depiction of the external visual world.
Artists often employ swirling, swaying & exaggeratedly executed brushstrokes.
After WWII, surrealists arrived in New York from Europe due to political turmoil, causing Abstract Expressionism to be developed in the 1940’s and 50’s.
Encompasses painters who used fields of color and abstract forms, AND ALSO those who attacked their canvases with a vigorous gestural expressionism.theartstory.org
This was a new style fitted to the post-war mood of anxiety and trauma.
This style of painting is consumed by a heroic, male narrative, but plenty of women emerged as influential cannons in this era.
It even sounds intense. In the late 70’s, there was “an international return to the sensuousness of painting, shying away from Expressionism before it.
Neo-expressionists dismissed the intellectualized and refined approach to art, turning back to expressing raw emotion.
Artists depicted their subjects in an almost raw and brutish manner.
The style is characterized by
- Tactile, Raw Handling of Materials
- Vibrant Expression of Emotions
- Heavy Paint
- Recognizable Brush Work
Julian Schnabel, straddled the boundaries between painting and sculpture by incorporating found objects onto his canvases as diverse as rugs, wood and broken plates.nationalgalleries.org